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AED Maintenance Guides

AED Maintenance Guidelines

When developing a maintenance program for your (or your company's) AED, it is vital to make sure you are fully aware of the local regulations and requirements in effect in your jurisdiction. Every state has its own set of laws governing the proper use and maintenance of AED's. In order to assure that your defibrillator is ready to perform if and when needed, and to be in full compliance with the law, you will likely need to research your state's particular regulations (see chart below). Some states require the AED be under what is referred to as "Medical Control" by a physician. Most require some sort of routine maintenance be performed and documented.

If you are on a budget and have some spare time, it is possible to avoid outsourcing your entire AED maintenance program. Keep in mind that it will be important to keep accurate records. If you have only one or two AED's to manage, this may not be an overwhelming endeavor. However, if you struggle with organization, you're probably better off avoiding the hassle and hiring another person or company to manage your AED maintenance program.

If you are trying to maintain multiple defibrillators in multiple locations or even multiple states, you really should consider the benefits of a paying someone else to manage your maintenance program. Obviously, depending on your company's particular needs, the amount of maintenance needed will differ. Sometimes, the maintenance needed could be as basic as replenishing depleted or expired supplies; electrode pads typically expire after 2 years because their adhesive quality diminishes over time, for example. Whatever you decide, the most important thing is to make sure the program you decide upon is compliant with all state regulations to ensure you are protected from liability issues.

Liability

All of the states have laws in place to protect good-natured people trying to save a life in a public place, colloquially referred to as "Good Samaritan" laws. These laws help protect the owner of the AED from being liable in the event that an unqualified person attempts to use a defibrillator in an emergency situation. As long as you are in compliance with state regulations, you will be provided liability protection in the unfortunate event of a lawsuit. The most important part of an AED maintenance program is to ensure that you are in full compliance with all local laws and regulations.

AED Maintenance Requirements by State
State Maintenance Requirements
Alabama The AED must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines.
Alaska Owner must properly maintain and test the automated external defibrillator on a regularly scheduled basis.
Arizona Must ensure the automated external defibrillator is maintained in good working order and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines on a regularly scheduled basis.
Arkansas The defibrillator must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines and instructions on a regularly scheduled basis.
California

The AED must be maintained and regularly tested according to the operation and maintenance guidelines set forth by the manufacturer, the American Heart Association, and the American Red Cross, and according to any applicable rules and regulations set forth by the governmental authority under the federal Food and Drug Administration and any other applicable state and federal authority. The AED must be checked for readiness after each use and at least once every 30 days if the AED has not been used in the preceding 30 days. Records of these checks shall be maintained.

There must be a written plan that describes the procedures to be followed in the event of an emergency that may involve the use of an AED. The written plan shall include, but not be limited to, immediate notification of 911 and trained office personnel at the start of AED procedures.

Building owners must ensure that tenants annually receive a brochure, approved as to content and style by the American Heart Association or American Red Cross, which describes the proper use of an AED, and also ensure that similar information is posted next to any installed AED.

No less than once a year, building owners will notify their tenants as to the location of AED units in the building.

Colorado A person or entity who acquires an AED shall ensure that written plans ARE in place concerning the placement of AEDs, training of personnel, pre-planned coordination with the emergency medical services system, medical oversight, AED maintenance, identification of personnel authorized to use AEDs, and reporting of AED utilization, which written plans have been reviewed and approved by a licensed physician.
Connecticut No specific maintenance requirements.
Delaware The AED must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines on a regularly scheduled basis.
Florida Must properly maintain and test the AED on a regularly scheduled basis.
Georgia The defibrillator must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines.
Hawaii No specific maintenance requirements. Bill introduced 1/21/2014 requiring all public schools, charter schools and the University of Hawaii to have AEDs and for them to be maintained and regularly tested according to the operation and maintenance guidelines set forth by the manufacturer
Idaho The defibrillator must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines.
Illinois The automated external defibrillator must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines.
Indiana No specific maintenance requirements.
Iowa No specific maintenance requirements.
Kansas A person or entity which owns or leases or possesses or otherwise controls an AED must develop, implement and follow guidelines to ensure proper maintenance and operation of the device.
Kentucky A person or entity who acquires an AED shall ensure that the AED is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines.
Louisiana Any person or entity who possesses an AED shall ensure that the AED is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines.
Maine A person who owns or leases an AED shall maintain and test the AED in accordance with the applicable standards of the manufacturer and any other standards prescribed by the department.
Maryland The defibrillator must be maintained, operated, and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines. Must have written records of the maintenance and tested of each automated external defibrillator as required by the EMS Board.
Massachusetts The defibrillator must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines.
Michigan No specific maintenance requirements.
Minnesota No specific maintenance requirements.
Mississippi No specific maintenance requirements.
Missouri A person or entity who acquires an automated external defibrillator shall ensure that the defibrillator is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines.
Montana In order for an entity to use or allow the use of an automated external defibrillator, the entity shall establish a program for the use of an AED that includes a written plan. The plan must specify where the AED will be placed, and the individuals who are authorized to operate the AED. The AED must be maintained, tested, and operateed according to the manufacturer's guidelines and written records of all maintenance and testing performed on the AED must be maintained.
Nebraska The defibrillator must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines.
Nevada The defibrillator must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines
New Hampshire The defibrillator must be maintained according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines.
New Jersey A person or entity that acquires an automated external defibrillator shall ensure that the defibrillator is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines.
New Mexico The defibrillator must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines.
New York The public access defibrillation provider shall cause the automated external defibrillator to be maintained and tested according to applicable standards of the manufacturer and any appropriate government agency. Every use of an AED shall be promptly reported to the emergency health care provider. There are additional requirements for entities establishing an AED program in New York City.
North Carolina No specific maintenance requirements.
North Dakota Must maintain and test the automated external defibrillator according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines.
Ohio Must maintain and test the defibrillator according to the manufacturer's guidelines.
Oklahoma No specific maintenance requirements.
Oregon The AED must be maintained, inspected and serviced, the battery and the electrodes for the automated external defibrillator must be in accordance with guidelines set forth by the manufacturer. The automated external defibrillator must be stored in a location from which it can be quickly retrieved during regular business hours. The presence and location of each automated external defibrillator must be clearly marked.
Pennsylvania The defibrillator must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines.
Rhode Island No specific maintenance requirements.
South Carolina Must maintain and test the AED according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines and keep written records of maintenance and testing. Must have in place an AED program approved by its AED liaison which includes CPR and AED training, AED protocol or guidelines, AED deployment strategies, and an AED equipment maintenance plan.
South Dakota No specific maintenance requirements.
Tennessee The defibrillator must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines.
Texas A person or entity that owns or leases an automated external defibrillator shall maintain and test the automated external defibrillator according to the manufacturer's guidelines.
Utah No specific maintenance requirements.
Vermont Must maintain and test the device in accordance with the applicable standards of the manufacturer.
Virginia No specific maintenance requirements.
Washington The defibrillator must be maintained and tested by the acquirer according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines.
Washington D.C. The defibrillator must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines, and written records of the maintenance and testing must be maintained. Upon meeting the requirements of subsection (a) of this section, the defibrillation program shall be registered with the Department and the Department shall issue to the defibrillation program a certificate of registration. There shall be a registration fee of $25. The certificate of registration shall expire after 4 years. To renew a certificate of registration, the person or entity shall be required to repeat the application process. If protocol is not followed, the Department may issue a citation, suspend certification, or revoke the certificate of registration.
West Virginia Must maintain and test the AED in accordance with the manufacturer's guidelines and keep written records of this maintenance and testing.
Wisconsin Must ensure that the automatic defibrillator or semiautomatic defibrillator is maintained and tested in accordance with any operational guidelines of the manufacturer.
Wyoming Must ensure that the AED is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines.